This class is designed to be the equivalent of a first year, college level general chemistry course and will provide a fun, interesting and challenging learning experience to help you understand the integral relationships and relevance of chemistry in our world. The course is structured around the enduring understandings within the six big ideas as well as the seven science practices articulated in the AP Chemistry curriculum framework provided by College Board. They include:
Big Idea #1: Structure of matter
Big Idea #2: Structure of matter-characteristics, states, and forces of attraction
Big Idea #3: Chemical reactions
Big Idea #4: Rates of chemical reactions
Big Idea #5: Thermodynamics
Big Idea #6: Equilibrium
Science Practice #1: The student can use representations and models to communicate scientific phenomena and solve scientific problems.
Science Practice #2: The student can use mathematics appropriately.
Science Practice #3: The student can engage in scientific questioning to extend thinking or to guide investigations within the context of the AP course.
Science Practice #4: The student can plan and implement data collection strategies appropriate to a particular scientific question.
Science Practice #5: The student can perform data analysis and evaluation of evidence.
Science Practice #6: The student can work with scientific explanations and theories.
Science Practice #7: The student is able to connect and relate knowledge across various scales, concepts and representations in and across domains.
In AP Chemistry, there is so much content to learn I could spend every day lecturing and still not get through all the content and students would not spend any time actively engaging in the content. Therefore, I am going to try to run the class as a “Flipped Classroom” where I require you to watch videos of lectures about the topics we need to learn, take notes and write down questions that arise for homework. Then you bring your questions to class for us to explore through scientific reading and writing, demonstrations, lectures and interactive assignments, and then you will apply the concepts through labs using scientific equipment and procedures, practice problem activities, and independent homework. Short quizzes and tests will also be used to determine your grasps of the concepts and prepare you for the format of the AP Exam. I will be teaching you about how you best retain information after you have taken notes. These skills will help develop your scientific thinking to be used for the rest of your life, help prepare you to find success on the AP Chemistry test to receive college Chemistry credit, and will also be used for success in future college courses of Chemistry.
Brown, LeMay, Bursten (11th edition). Chemistry, the Central Science. Pearson/Prentice-Hall, 2009
Take good care of the textbook checked out to you, you can leave it at home as I will have a class set to be used in the classroom. If you damage or lose your textbook you will be fined or have to pay replacement cost.
Zumdahl, Steven, and Susan Zumdahl. Chemistry. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Classroom Website. www.berwicksclasses.org
CHEM Matters Magazines
Resources for Laboratory Activities and Demonstrations:
College Board, AP Chemistry Guided Inquiry Experiments: Applying the Science Practices
Randall, Jack, Advanced Chemistry with Vernier Laboratory Manual
Flinn Scientific Inc. Chem Fax : instruction and suggested activity sheets that accompany Flinn products and ChemTopic Labs Manuals
Shakhashiri, Bassam. Chemical Demonstrations: A Handbook for Teachers of Chemistry.
Summerlin, Lee, R. and James L Ealy. Chemical Demonstrations: A Sourcebook for Teachers
Other Materials needed for class:
Organization is an important part of your success in AP Chemistry. Your planner should be carried everyday. If you don't have one, get one...this will be your pass out of the classroom for anything. In addition, you will need to purchase 2 bound notebooks. One notebook will contain all lab investigations and the other notebook will be for notes, demonstration explanations, class work and homework. These notebooks should be well organized and neatly written as they may be used by your future college to grant you credit for the course. A calculator will also be needed for the many computations studied in AP Chemistry. Finally, some kind of writing utensil will be needed daily.
Effective Classroom Community
I would like our classroom to become a tight community; all working together to help each other find the greatest success on the AP Chemistry Exam and learn the maximum amount possible during the class. The following areas will help establish this community.
100-93% = A 92-90% = A- 89-87% = B+ 86-83% = B 82-80% =B- 79-77% = C+ 76-73% = C 72-70% = C- 69-60% = D
Family access is the district wide grading program where students and parents can access many important aspects of student life in the district. Current real life grades are available to view from family access during the year to determine your progress in the class. If you have any questions about your grades throughout the year please send me an email and I will try to address you questions as soon as possible. All daily work is kept current in the grade book, and labs and tests should be graded 1-2 two weeks after they turned in if turned in on time. Late labs and tests will be grade at teacher convenience.
Students earning a 4 or 5 on the AP Chemistry exam will receive a 1/3 grade bump that would be distributed as follows:
4 = ⅓ (i.e. C+ to B-)
5 = ⅔ (i.e. B to A-)
Grade change requests are the responsibility of the student. Since exam results usually aren't available until summer break, student requests should be made in the form of an email to their teacher's school email account or student discussion when we return to school. The grade change will be initiated by teachers when they return to school in September.
Part 1: Pre-lab (what is required to enter class on a lab day)
MSDS information: All hazards for all chemicals to be
used as well as how to clean up if spilled should be included
Part 2: Data Collection, Analysis and Conclusion (to be completed
the night after a lab is conducted in class)
Make up work
Unit 1: (7 weeks)
Big Ideas #1, 3
Chapter 1- Measurements/Calculations/Uncertainty/Scientific Method: (2 week)
Review types of measurements and units, dimensional analysis, problems solving techniques, accuracy and precision, uncertainty/significant figures, classification and properties of matter, and process for exploring science.
Chapter 2- Atoms, Molecules and Ions: (2 week)
Review early history of chemistry/atoms, law of conservation of mass, law of definite and multiple proportions, Dalton’s Atomic Theory, Avogadro’s hypothesis, early experiments to characterize atomic structure, atomic weight, molecular formulas, empirical formulas, formula writing, oxidation states, periodic table review, and ionic and simple organic nomenclature
Chapter 3 and 4: Stoichiometry: (3 weeks)
Balancing chemical equations, types of reactions, formula weights, moles conversion using balanced equations, percent composition, limiting reactants, percent yield, aqueous solutions, molarity, introduce precipitation/acid-base/oxidation-reduction reactions and solution stoichiometry (solubility rules)
Investigation 7: Using the Principle that each Substance has Unique Properties to Purify a Mixture: An Experiment Applying Green Chemistry to Purification.
Unit 2: (3 weeks)
Big Ideas #1, 2
Chapter 6 and 7- Atomic Structure and Periodicity in the Periodic Table: (1.5 weeks)
Wave and particle nature of light, Atomic spectra, Bohr atom, Heisenberg’s Uncertainty principle, quantum numbers, atomic orbitals, electron configurations, development of periodic table, trends in the periodic table in terms of physical and chemical properties.
Chapter 8 and 9- Chemical Bonding: (1.5 weeks)
Lewis structures, ionic bonding, metallic bonding, character of bonds, polarity, electronegativity covalent models, octet rule and exceptions, resonance, VESPR model, molecular shapes, multiple bonds and hybridization
Investigation 5: How do you separate Molecules that are Attracted to One Another?
Unit 3: (3 weeks)
Big Idea #3, 5
Chapter 5 and 19- Thermochemistry: (3 weeks)
Types and nature of energy, laws of thermodynamics, enthalpy, calorimetry, specific heat, Hess’s Law, thermochemical equations, heats of formation, bond energies, heats of reaction, Gibbs free energy equation, entropy, free energy, energy and work, exo and endothermic reactions, and state functions.
Determining the Enthalpy of a Chemical Reaction (Vernier AP Chem #13)
Unit 4: (4 weeks)
Big Idea #2, 5
Chapter 10- Gases: (2 weeks)
Characteristics of gases, pressure, Gas laws, Ideal gas law, van der Waal’s equation, Avogadro’s Law, STP, Dalton’s Law, Graham’s Law, Kinetic theory of gases.
Molar Volume of a Gas (Vernier AP Chem #5)
Chapter 11- Intermolecular Forces, Liquids and Solids: (1 week)
Molecular comparison of phases, Dipole-dipole interactions, hydrogen bonding, London forces, liquid state, types of solids, network solids, vapor pressure, change of state, phase diagrams and specific heat.
Chapter 13- Properties of Solutions: (1 week)
Electrolytes and nonelectrolytes, saturated solutions, mole fraction, colligative properties, Raoult’s Law, Henry’s Law, freezing point depression, boiling point elevation, and osmotic pressure.
Guided Inquiry Investigation: What is the molarity or concentration of blue#1 dye in a blue colored sports drink?
Investigation 2: How Can color Be Used to Determine the Mass Percent of Copper in Brass?
Unit 5: (3 weeks)
Big Idea #4
Chapter 14- Chemical Kinetics: (3 weeks)
Reaction kinetics, rate laws, order of reactions, rate constant, catalysts, activation energy, and reaction mechanism
Guided Inquiry- Investigation 11: What is the Rate Law of the Fading of Crystal Violet Using Beer's law?
Unit 6: (4 weeks)
Big Idea #1, 2, 3, 6
Chapter 15- Chemical Equilibrium: (2 weeks)
Laws of mass action, equilibrium expressions, calculations of K and equilibrium concentrations, Le Chatelier’s principle, and how equilibrium is shifted by stresses
Investigation 3: What Makes Hard Water Hard?
Investigation 13: Applying Le Chatelier's Principle
Chapter 16 and 17- Acid and Bases: (2 weeks)
Acid and base properties, pH, Ka and Kb expressions titration, degree of ionization, Kw expressions, Arrhenius, Bronsted-lowry, Lewis acid theories, salt hydrolysis, indicators, equivalence points, buffers, and acid-base titrations
Investigation 14: how Do the Structure and the Initial Concentration of an Acid and a Base Influence the pH of the Resultant Solution During a Titration?
Investigation 15: To What Extent Do Common Household Products Have Buffering Activity?
Investigation 16: the Preparation and Testing of an Effective Buffer: Ho Do Components Influence a Buffer's pH and Capacity?
Unit 7: (2 weeks)
Big Ideas #3
Chapter 20- Electrochemistry: (2 weeks)
Oxidation and reduction half-cells and equations, electrochemical (voltaic) cells, standard voltages, standard voltages from a table, Nernst equation, Faraday’s laws, writing redox equations and balancing equations in acid/base solutions
AP Exam Review
(one hour after school once a week starting 2nd semester and then every day the week before the AP Exam)
Chapter 25- Organic Chemistry: (after AP Exam)
Naming functional groups such as alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, basic characteristics of functional groups, esterification reaction, polymerization reactions, petrochemical industry
Chapter 21- Nuclear Chemistry: (after AP Exam)
Nuclear stability and radioactive decay, Kinetics of radioactive decay, nuclear transformations, detection and uses of radioactivity, thermodynamic stability of the nucleus, nuclear fission and fusion, and effects of radiation.
Radiation Shielding (Vernier AP Chem #28)
Determining the Half-Life of an Isotope (Vernier AP Chem #33)
We will be creating a social contract as a class to discuss how we each want to be treated, so that we agree on classroom standards.
The Student Handbook rules will also be enforced in our class as well as throughout the school so make sure you understand them fully.
If I see or hear food or drink, you will be asked to put them away.
Cell phone and other
electronic device policy:
If any science items are broken or damaged by students, a fine will be assessed to that student to replace the items.
* * * Depending on severity of violation, actions may not occur in order
I am looking forward to a great year with you and hope that we don't have to use the discipline procedures because you all will be so well behaved now that you are in high school.